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The inverse back-scattering problem

Prof Rakesh University of Delware, USA
Prof Rakesh University of Delware, USA
When Jan 04, 2017
from 04:00 PM to 05:00 PM
Where LH111
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An acoustic medium is probed by plane waves from all directions and the medium response is measured back in the same directions. The goal is the recovery of the acoustic properties of the medium from this back-scattered data. Specifically, suppose q(x) is a compactly supported smooth function on R 3 , representing the acoustic property of a medium. For each unit direction ω in R 3 , let u(x, t; ω) be the solution of the initial value problem

utt − ∆xu + q(x)u = 0, (x, t) ∈ R 3 × R

u(x, t; ω) = δ(t − x · ω), x ∈ R 3 , t << 0.

The back-scattering data, in the direction ω, with delay s, is

β(s, ω) = lim r→∞ ru(rω, r − s, ω), s ∈ R, ω ∈ R 3 , |ω| = 1.

The inverse back-scattering problem is the study of the non-linear map

F : q(·) → β(·, ·),

particularly the injectivity and the inversion of F. We quickly survey the results for this long-standing (still) unsolved problem and then give details behind our proof of our partial result.

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